Names of God – Covenant part two

In the O.T. God made Himself known by His names. Which in turn meant He would be the one who meets their needs. By His name.

Name: a word or phrase that constitutes the distinctive designation of a person. God has made Himself known by His names.

Covenant Names.

(1)  Let’s start with Lord in Hebrew it is Jehovah. the primary meaning of the name Lord or Jehovah is the self-existent one. as in exodus 3;14 he is that is who he is therefore the external I am but Havah  from Jehovah. But Hava, from which Jehovah or Yahweh is formed signifies also to become that is to become known thus pointing to a continuous and increasing self-revelation.  Combining these meanings of Havah, we arrive at the meaning of the name Jehovah.  He is the self-existent one who reveals himself.  The name is in itself an advance upon the name “God” (EL, ELAH, or Elohim) which suggests certain attributes of Deity, as strength El or Elah the strong one and Alah, to swear to bind oneself by an oath, so implying faithfulness etc., rather than his essential being.

Elohim Gen.1:1 –root=to swear, name indicates God, under the covenant of an oath to perform certain conditions (Hebrews 6:13.)  Name implies: One in covenant; Fullness of might. Refers to absolute, unqualified, unlimited energy. A plural name Elohim  revealing God in the unity and trinity of all His divine personality and power.

(2)  it is significant that the first appearance of the name Jehovah in scripture follows the creation of man.  it was God (Elohim) who said let us make man in our image Genesis 1:26 but when man, as in the 2nd chapter of Genesis is too fill the scene and become dominant over creation it is the Lord God Jehovah (Elohim) who acts. So, the Trinity is latent in Elohim used in O.T. 2500 times.

This certainly indicates a special relationship of Deity in his Jehovah character to man and all scripture emphasizes this.

(3)  Jehovah distinctly is the redemption name of deity when sin entered in and redemption became necessary, it was Jehovah (Elohim) who sought the sinning ones Genesis 3:9-13 and clothed them with “coats of skins” Genesis 3: 21 a beautiful type of the righteousness provided by the Lord God through sacrifice Romans 3:21 -22.  The first distinct revelation of himself by his name Jehovah was in connection with the redemption of the covenant people out of Egypt exodus 3:13 -17.

As Redeemer, emphasis is laid upon those attributes of Jehovah which the sin and salvation of man bring into exercise.  these are:

(a)  His Holiness Leviticus 11:44,45; 19:1,2; 20:26; Hab. 1: 12,13.

(b)His hatred and judgement of sin Deut. 32: 35-42; Gen. 6:5-7; Ps. 11:46.

(c) His love for and redemption of sinners, but always righteously Gen. 3:21, 8:20,21; Ex.12:12.

Salvation by Jehovah apart from sacrifice is unknown to Scripture.

(4)  In his redemptive relation to man,  Jehovah has seven compound names (there are more) which reveal him as  meeting as meeting every need of man from his lost state to the end.  These compound names are:

a) Jehovah-Jireh , “The Lord will provide” The example here is Jehovah will provide sacrifice 22:13,14. Read

b) Jehovah-rapha, “The that health” Ex.15:26 read. This refers to physical healing the context shows, but the deeper healing of soul malady is implied.

c) Jehovah-nissi, “The Lord are banner.” Ex. 17:8-15 read. The name is interpreted by context. The enemy was Amalek, a type of the flesh, and the conflict that day stands for the conflict of Galatians 5:17—-the war of the Spirit against the flesh. Victory was wholly due to divine help.

d) Jehovah-Shalom, “The Lord our peace.” Or “The Lord send peace.” Judges 6:4 read.  Almost the whole ministry of Jehovah is  expressed and is illustrated in this chapter. Jehovah hates and judges sin 6:1-5; Jehovah loves and saves sinners 6:7,8, but only through sacrifice 6:19-21. Also see Rom. 5:1; Eph. 2:14; Col. 1:20.

e) Jehovah- ra-ah, “The Lord my shepherd” Ps. 23 read. Jehovah is shepherding His own who are in the world John 10:7.

f) Jehovah-tsidkenu, “The Lord our righteousness” 23:5,6 read. This name of  Jehovah occurs in this prophecy  concerning the future restoration and conversion of Israel. Then Israel will call Him as Jehovah- tsidkenu —“The Lord our righteousness.”

g) Jehovah-shammah, “The Lord is present” Ezk.48:35. Herein the Lord’s abiding presence will be with His people Ex. 33:14,15;Ps.16:11; Ps.97:5,Matt.28:20; Heb. 13:5.

(5)  Lord (Jehovah) is also the distinctive name of Deity as in covenant with Israel  Ex. 19:3; 20:1,2; Jer. 31:31-34.

(6) LORD GOD (Heb. Jehovah Elohim) Reveals the majestic omnipotent God, combining the majesty and meaning of both names Zechariah 13:9; Ps. 118:27. Together they imply man’s place of conscious intelligent relationship to his creator and reveals man’s accountability to God.

Jehovah Elohim is the first compound names of Deity. Lord God is used with distinction:

(1) of the relation of Deity to man

(a) as Creator Gen. 2:7-15.

(b) as morally in authority over man Gen. 2:16,17.

(C) as creating and governing the earthly relationship of man Gen. 2:18-24. 3:16-19, 22-24.

(d) as redeeming man Gen. 3:8-15; of the relation of Deity to Israel Gen. 24:7.


Let’s change gears here in that I would like to bring a summary of this teaching. I have skipped a Hebrew term which encompasses a term named godesh used in the O.T. for the sanctify, consecrate, dedicate, and holy. It means set apart for the service of God.

The purpose of this message is to remind us that even though these covenant names were given to the children of Israel they reveal what encompasses the title “Lord God.”

Israel failed because they were under a covenant of “works salvation” not a covenant of “Grace”

Ephesians 2:8,9. And Romans 4:4,5.

Grace is a gift but in the gift are these promises made to us by Lord Jesus disclosing how He can and does fulfill His covenant promises to us. These are great and precious promises.  John 1:17 “For the law (legal contract) was given by Moses, But grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.”

Law blesses the good; grace saves the bad.











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